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100th ARW takes to the skies for Astral Knight 2019

U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX fly in formation alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX fly in formation alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Capt. Vincent Pellegri, 351st Air Refueling Squadron aircraft commander, and 1st Lt. James Herbert, 351st ARS pilot, look over flight plans prior to takeoff during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Capt. Vincent Pellegri, 351st Air Refueling Squadron aircraft commander, and 1st Lt. James Herbert, 351st ARS pilot, look over flight plans prior to takeoff during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Capt. Vincent Pellegri, 351st Air Refueling Squadron aircraft commander, performs pre-flight checks during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Capt. Vincent Pellegri, 351st Air Refueling Squadron aircraft commander, performs pre-flight checks during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force 1st Lt. James Herbert, 351st Air Refueling Squadron, performs pre-flight checks during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force 1st Lt. James Herbert, 351st Air Refueling Squadron, performs pre-flight checks during exercise Astral Knight at RAF Mildenhall, England, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Airman 1st Class Alex Bengel, 351st Air Refueling Squadron boom operator, performs aerial refueling checklist during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

U.S. Air Force Airman 1st Class Alex Bengel, 351st Air Refueling Squadron boom operator, performs aerial refueling checklist during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX,  flies in formation alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, flies in formation alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, receives fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, receives fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX,  prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)
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A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, TX, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise which aims to demonstrate the integration, coordination, and interoperability of joint existing command and control at the operation and tactical levels. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)
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A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas, prepares to receive fuel from a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas,  performs aerial maneuvers alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)
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A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 457th Fighter Squadron, Fort Worth, Texas, performs aerial maneuvers alongside a 100th Air Refueling Wing KC-135 Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, England, during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

A KC-135 Stratotanker assigned to the 100th Air Refueling Wing at RAF Mildenhall, England took part in aerial refueling during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)
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A KC-135 Stratotanker assigned to the 100th Air Refueling Wing at RAF Mildenhall, England took part in aerial refueling during exercise Astral Knight over the skies of Italy, June 3, 2019. AK19 is a joint, multinational exercise designed to test Integrated Air and Missile Defense capabilities and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted exercise scenarios. Participants include the U.S. Air Forces in Europe, U.S. Army Europe forces, and members from the Italian and Croatian air forces. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Brandon Esau)

RAF MILDENHALL, England --
Astral Knight 2019, a joint-multinational exercise led by U.S. Air Forces in Europe, aims to demonstrate the defense capabilities of the U.S. integrated air and missile defense system, and will involve a combination of flight operations and computer-assisted scenarios.
 
The exercise’s goal is to enhance the command and control integration, coordination and interoperability of air and land capabilities and overlapping operations into the IAMD enterprise.